Understanding patanjali yoga sutra a detailed summary for. The first chapter describes five crucial steps that we all pass through during our spiritual journey. The yoga sutras of patanjali book 4 all 34 chapters. It was written about two thousand years ago, by master patanjali. Four chapters of patanjali yoga sutra introduction vyp. Yoga sutras of patanjali chapter 4 liberation kaivalya pada. Yoga sutra was written by patanjali more than 25 centuries ago. In 196 short aphorisms, this classic work of indian philosophy succinctly spells out how the mind works and how it is possible to use the mind to attain liberation. Ananda, who gives us key points to guide our understanding of this seminal text of yoga philosophy and.
Four chapters on freedom contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjalis yoga sutras as well as transliteration, translation and an extensive commentary. This chapter in fact answer the most basic question what is yoga. The yoga sutras of sage patanjali is an ancient classical text which succinctly presents the profound teachings of raja yoga in 196 concise sutras or threads. Many sacred ancient texts, including the vedas, upanishads, and the bhagavad gita, mentioned yoga. Four chapters on freedom contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjalis yoga sutras as well as transliteration, translation and an extesnsive commentary the yoga sutras, containing 196 extensive commentary. Ananda, who gives us key points to guide our understanding of this seminal text of yoga philosophy and practice. Essentially, the yoga sutras organises the philosophical ideas of the day into a central structure. The work is divided into four chapters padas, chapter. In his commentary on each verse,swami satyananda saraswati fully explains the text and the path of raja yoga. Click here for the reluctant messenger host site yoga sutras of patanjali translation by chester messenger kaivalya pada iv.
Though shearer does a great job in defining the terms in the sutras, the cohesion of the four padas chapters is never made clear. The yoga sutra of master patanjali patanjala yoga sutram a sutra is a short book which tells us the very crux of something ideas tied tight together, with a stitch of thread. The yoga sutras, containing 196 epithets or threads of yoga, is the most respected treatise on yoga. A commentary on the yoga sutras of patanjali by swami satyananda saraswati is carried out. Welcome to satyananda yoga bihar yoga four chapters on. These 4 chapters are designed in a systematic way that makes it easy to understand even by a very beginner in yoga. In the first phase, analysis of the book four chapters on freedom. The yoga sutras contain 196 sutras, divided between four chapters, discussing the aims and practice of yoga, the development of yogic powers and finally, liberation. A basic introduction of patanjali yoga sutras best. Sadhana is the sanskrit word for practice or discipline.
Once you have decided to let yoga become an essential part of your life, books can. The sutras are tools to foster the inner experience and elevate the spirit. Contemplation, practice, accomplishments, and absoluteness. Chapter 4 explains how the mind is constructed and veils the inner light of the self.
The following is the fourth and final installment in a series on the yoga sutras of patanjali. The earlier three chapters do not make any attempt at originality. Chapter 4 of the yoga sutras is entitled kaivalya pada, which means the chapter on final liberation. Commentary on the yoga sutras of patanjali swami satyananda saraswati on. Patanjali s yoga sutra is considered to be the theoretical foundation of raja yoga and is one of the most important discourses on yoga and meditation. It is going to change you as a person and give you a whole new perspective on life if youre able to practice it perfectly. Samadhi refers to a blissful state where the yogi has got meditative absorption. Oct 30, 2006 many years later that yoga was about to disappear, until patanjali took upon himself the task of gathering all te pieces together and reformulate it again, in a way as similar as possible to the original samkhya yoga. The fourth chapter of the yoga sutras of patanjali is in some ways a culmination of the body of work that has come before and, more important, it is a description of how a realized being exists on the earth. After studying thoroughly for at least 3 years, i find ik taimni version the most authentic, crisp and comprehensi. Realized beings are those who have gone through the practice of yoga until they have reached a degree of integration or absorption between. Union, spiritual consciousness, is gained through control of the versatile psychic nature. A classic work of indian philosophy that succinctly spells out how the mind works and what is needed to attain liberation. The yoga sutras,containing 196 epithets or threads of yoga,is the most respected treatise on yoga.
Yoga sutras of patanjali raja yoga ashtanga yoga for clarity of study and practice, the 196 sutras of the yoga sutras have been clustered into 39 sections below. The book is divided in four chapters and consist of verses which tell about yoga. Patanjalis yogasutra the guide of yoga, with translation. I 51 sutras known as samadhi, chapter ii 55 sutras known as sadhana, chapter iii 56 sutras known as vibhuti, chapter iv 34 sutras known as kaivalya, as shall be explained below. The yoga sutras of patanjali projects the knowledge that doesnt just cure the body but also purifies the mind, emotions and the complete existence itself, all through yoga. Oct 30, 2006 four chapters on freedom is a book based on rishi patanjali s yoga sutras. Patanjali divided the whole knowledge of yoga into 4 chapters of yoga sutras, in sanskrit, its known as 4 pada. Samadhi pada is one of four chapters from the yoga sutras, the first known classical text on yoga, credited to an indian sage named patanjali around 2000 years ago. Samadhi pada 51 sutra in this pada characteristics of yoga, form of yoga, and how to attain higher knowledge of yoga is discussed.
Book i samadhi pada this book is a study guide for the first of the four books of the yoga sutras of patanjali. Experiences vibhuti pada extract from yoga sutras of patanjali. Yoga sutras of patanjali raja yoga ashtanga yoga swami j. Offering 196 threads of wisdom, these sutras serve as a philosophical guidebook, offering guidelines for living a more meaningful and purposeful life. Yoga sutras of patanjali this is by far the best book on the subject. Jun 06, 2018 the yoga sutras of patanjali projects the knowledge that doesnt just cure the body but also purifies the mind, emotions and the complete existence itself, all through yoga. Samadhi pada defining what yoga is and enlightenment sadhana pada the connection between student and higher self vibhuti pada dedication to the practice and selfdiscipline kaivalya pada liberation or freedom from suffering. The four chapters of patanjalis yoga sutra in a new, commented wordbyword translation by dr. The yoga darshana has been divided into 4 chapters and each chapter is known as pada unit.
The final chapter of the yoga sutras, kaivalya, which means liberation, is the shortestonly 34 verses long. Four chapters on freedom contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjalis yoga sutras as well as transliteration,translation and an extensive commentary. This text contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjalis yoga sutras, along with transliteration, translation and commentary. He wrote his work down in the book called yoga sutras, which have become eversice the manual of yoga throughout the world. Back of the book four chapters on freedom contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjalis yoga sutras as well as transliteration, translation and an extensive commentary.
Yoga sutras index of the yoga meditation of the himalayan tradition site. Many interpretations of samadhi and its etymology are had. Absolute freedom kaivalya pada means of attaining experience yoga sutras 4. Divided into four chapters, the yoga sutras offer many dictums of selfrealization and techniques for spiritual evolution aimed at both body and mind. On absolute freedom, selfrealization by swami shraddhananda novdec columnists 2005, novemberdecember 2005 the following is the fourth and final installment in a series on the yoga sutras of patanjali.
The yoga sutras of patanjali book 4 all 34 chapters youtube. Four chapters on freedom is a commentary by swami satyananda saraswati in which he unravels the meaning of the sutras, verse by verse. It describes how the yogi deals with the natural breaches in enlightenment, and how the primal building blocks of the mind resolve back into their cause, allowing final liberation. Four chapters on freedom is a book based on rishi patanjali s yoga sutras. Ananda balayogi bhavanani gives us an overview of the four chapters of the yoga sutras of patanjalithe foundational text for the classical yoga ashtangaraja system. In the second phase, the concepts obtained through the analysis are compared to the concepts of hypnosis to uncover the similarities between the two. These are the yoga sutras of maharishi patanjali in english hindi translation. Four chapters on freedom is a commentary by swami satyananda saraswati in which he unravels the meaning of the sutras. Exposition of an ancient aphoristic work on hindu yoga philosophy. In yoga, this text is a collection of aphorisms by patanjali called the yoga sutras. According to yogapedia, the four books of the yoga sutras of patanjali are. Basic introduction of patanjali yoga sutras the best book.
Like a gentle guiding hand, the yoga sutras warn you of the pitfalls on your spiritual journey and offer the means to overcome them. Then the seer comes to consciousness in his proper nature. The yoga sutras of patanjali are a collection of 196 sanskrit sutras on the theory and practice of yoga. Pdf the yoga sutras of patanjali 4 download read online. The threads are drawn together through four chapters. The yoga sutras of patanjali succinctly outlines yoga meditation for selfrealization. The sutras are beautifully explained in layman terms with ample annotations.
However, none of the other sacred ancient texts specialized in the philosophy of yoga like the yoga sutras by patanjali. There were many great people such as swami vivekananda, swami satchithananda, other than swami satyananda saraswati, had authored books on yoga sutras by patanjali in recent century. Ive never read a more lyrical translation that still adheres to the sanskrit text. Get a new perspective on yourself with the help of this 2000 yearold guideline and fundamental source text. The yoga sutras were compiled prior to 400 ce by the sage patanjali in india who synthesized and organized knowledge about yoga from much older traditions. The yoga sutras is a beautiful text though, and in this article i will go into the best yoga sutras translation for various purposes such as the overall best, best short and introductory translation, most rooted in tradition and my favorite way to read the sutras. It contains the original sanskrit text with transliteration, english translation, and a word by word breakdown of the translation. The 196 sutras yoga sutras interpretive english translation by swami jnaneshvara bharati chapter 3 of the yoga sutras. Sutra means thread, and each sutra represents one thread in the rich and complex tapestry that is yoga. This chapter is in fact the conclusion of the yoga compilation. An overview of the yoga sutras integral yoga magazine.
I have at least 5 versions of yog sutra swami hariharanand aarany, swami vivekanand, edwin f. They make neither any missionary attempts at promoting a particular doctrine nor do they attempt to overthrow any other spiritual traditions. It consists of four parts, samadhi pada, sadhana pada, vibhuti pada, and kaivalya pada, each containing 196 sutras or. Very little is known about patanjali, the authoreditor of the yoga sutra written some time around 500 bce. Each of the links below contains sanskrit transliteration, wordforword translations, and practical explanations. Patanjali divided his yoga sutras into 4 chapters or books sanskrit pada.
The yoga presented in the yoga sutras is called raja yoga i. Patanjali lays out the aim of yoga and the reason to walk the path. Practice leads to wisdom and the ability to allow the inner light to guide the present moment, or atha. The sutras are divided into four chapters, or padas. The third book of the sutras has fairly completed the history of the birth and growth of the spiritual man, and the enumeration of his powers. Patanjali yoga sutras with a total of 196 sutras is divided into 4 chapters. Apr 23, 2012 here some yoga sutras given and to know more about yoga and its type visit this article. Four chapters on freedom contains the full sanskrit text of rishi patanjali s yoga sutras as well as transliteration,translation and an extensive commentary. Four chapters on freedom commentary on the yoga sutras of patanjali swami satyananda saraswati. Patanjali created no new yoga, but rather, systematized existing yoga into the yoga sutras. Shearers words are accurate, simple and descriptive without being.948 1156 900 1138 477 1345 536 1415 1439 35 852 486 1340 385 1091 333 986 613 437 11 391 872 889 465 577 1449 21 538 1040 1157 486 401 805 866 540 1458 1432 979 1115 662 1238 504 1032 750 1240 1260 255 491 1438