Red hat enterprise linux to oracle solaris 11 comparison. What are the best practices of setting up a nonglobal zone in solaris 10 so that resources like cpu, memory, disk, etc. Shared storage on nfs for kernel zones oracle the zones. Create and install nonglobal zones by ramdev published may 5, 2011 updated july 2, 2015 for this example, we will use devdskc0t1d0s0 and devdskc0t1d0s3 for the root and data areas respectively. You wish to permit the non global zone to control the zfs filesystem. I have started aka in 2009 as my own personal reference blog, and later sometime i have realized that my leanings might be helpful for other unixadmins if i manage my knowledgebase in more user friendly format. How to check the parent zone global zone name of non global zone from non global zone as many unix folks are discussing and believing that their is no way to find out the parent zone globle zone, gz from non global zone ngz. Migrating a nonglobal zone to a different machine manas. Running an nfs server in a zone oracle solaris administration. Sharing directories with nfs in solaris 10 you want to share a directory in solaris, may be, the home of the users, or a directory with binaries. Understanding and using trusted extensions in oracle solaris 11. I understand in unix oracle solaris os the zoneadm list command will easily show all the available zones. Zone list to ensure which zone is running on the server.
The configuration in the global zone and a non global zone is exactly same, except for the fact that non global zones are not allowed to change the time bye default. Solution although this is a limitation in solaris 10 non global zone there are 3 alternatives which you can use to overcome this. Server not responding the network file system nfs client and server communicate using remote procedure call rpc messages over the network. A non global zone is any zone, whether native or branded, that is configured, installed, and managed using the zonecfg1m and zoneadm1m commands in solaris 10. All of the local zones will be considered as global zones instances and it all depends on global zones kernel. Sharedip and exclusiveip in nonglobal solaris zones. Smb server client services are supported in kernel zones in s11 releases 3. Chapter 1 introduction to solaris 8 containers system. How to remove or delete a nonglobal zone from solaris operating system. How to create and mount an nfs share that is restricted to certain hosts only in solaris. Overview of oracle solaris zones and linux containers and the role they play in a virtualization strategy.
Oracle tried to make zone as completely independent virtual machines and they succeed on that. For example, the nonglobal zone can emulate another version of the solaris operating system, or an operating environment such as linux. The simple workaround is to use lofs to share filesystems between zones. The process yogesh shared here is to find out the global zone name when you are login into nonglobal zone using its up, as per sun there is no authentic procedure for that. The system software must always be in sync with the global zone when using a solaris non global zone. The post describes how to setup the ntp network time protocol client on solaris 8,9 and 10 as well as non global zones. How to configure nfs server and client in solaris 11 unixgeek. Folks there is a way, i will show you the complete steps how to find out the gz name from nzg. Solaris 11 zones have some many differences from solaris 10 zones. Nonglobal zones have their own file systems, process namespace, security boundaries, and network addresses. That is, the zone configuration has to be instantiated and packages have to be installed under the zones root path. You can set time values in nonglobal zones that are different from the value in the global zone. Nfs over remote direct memory access rdma is not supported in zones. May 11, 2009 sharedip and exclusiveip in nonglobal solaris zones may 11, 2009 by gleb reys 10 comments just a few days ago ive been busy configuring one of the solaris 10 zones on a dmz server, and sure enough i hit one of the most common iprelated issues with nonglobal zones.
I see the arp command can be of some help because it will return the nic mac address. I have the requirement to separate the management network for global and non global zones in a solaris 10 server. If the file system in the nonglobal zone is externally mounted via mechanisms like nfs, it is. For information on these nfs versions, see features of the nfs service in managing network file systems in oracle solaris 11. From within a zone, nfs mounts behave as though mounted with the nodevices option. By 2007 the term solaris containers came to mean a solaris zone combined with resource management controls. Mounting nfs file system inside solaris nonglobal zone for sap to function inside solaris nonglobal zones the sap central file system must be available inside the zone. How to remove or delete a nonglobal zone from solaris. Jun 15, 20 as you know that solaris zones are not completely isolated from solaris global zone.
If the time is changed in the global zone, the nonglobal zone time is offset by the same amount. When i run netstat n on solaris i get different results from netstat n on linux, even though according to the manual pages in solaris and linux the n flag should do the same thing. Both the hostclient and clienthost communication paths must be functional. In solaris 11,zone will not copy all the packages from global zone and it will not. Solaris containers including solaris zones is an implementation of operating systemlevel virtualization technology for x86 and sparc systems, first released publicly in february 2004 in build 51 beta of solaris 10, and subsequently in the first full release of solaris 10, 2005. Mounting nfs file system inside solaris nonglobal zone. Backing up individual nonglobal zones on your system. The solaris 10 x86 security technical implementation guide stig is published as a tool to improve the security of department of defense dod information systems. Nfs export of solaris, nonglobal zone, direct mounted vxfs. Youre trying to permit the non global zone to see the data in the same manner as. Network time protocol ntp can be run from any zone, affecting only the zone in which the command is run. Jul 11, 2017 how to remove or delete a non global zone from solaris operating system. To my knowledge, you can not make non global zone as nfs server on solaris 10 and below. Youre obviously having a problem with global zone and non global zone accessing the data in some manner.
Since its a solaris 11 box, the dfstab should have told you its deprecated and that you should use the share or zfs commands to share nfs filesystems. Solution although this is a limitation in solaris 10 nonglobal zone there are 3 alternatives which you can use to overcome this. A global zone can be a nfs server but having a non global zones as its nfs client is definitely unsupported. Deploy and configure new systems on demand both physical and vm. You have created a zfs filesystem in your global zone for use by a non global zone. In this post, we would learn how we mount one folder from one nonglobal zone to another zone on solaris 11 operating system. Oct 26, 2011 for servers with solaris 10 os at, or near, update 1 106 or update 2 606, if non global zones are already configured and running, patching these servers at single user mode will encounter issues. For solaris zones, perform incremental and selective backups of file systems within the zone where these file systems were created. Zfs file systems are now automatically labeled during initial mounting into a labeled zone and cannot be subsequently mounted on a zone of a different label. On client1 i can see that nfs mount point is shared but we are not able to mount it. Solaris is a nonfree unix operating system originally developed by sun microsystems. The latter had been a separate software package in earlier history. Exported zfs from local zones to local zones and san.
Remote nfs mounts to the zone or nfs mounts from the zone to other servers. Version 2, version 3, and version 4 protocols are supported. Understanding and using trusted extensions in oracle. Treat each nonglobal zone as a separate system that has its own tivoli storage manager node name and run backups from within each of the zones. Zfs zettabyte file system solaris zfs administration, involved in creating and configuring zones containers. A container is a combination of a non global zone and resource controls.
Mar 03, 2017 as you know, in linux server it is less difficult in comparision to solaris server. Optional migrating an oracle solaris 10 native non global zone into an oracle solaris 10 zone. Smb shares in a nonglobal zone showing 1 of messages. In this article, we would learn how we mount folder from one nonglobal zone to another zone on solaris. We recommend that you install the file system agent on the global zone to protect static data on non global zones. As of 2009, the following vendors support solaris for their x86 server systems. Installing oracle vm server formerly solaris logical domains on sparc tseries. For an example,you can see all the local zone process from global zone using ps efz command and that shows that zones are not completely isolated from.
When running ntp across a system with nonglobal zones that have different times, run ntp in the global zone. If the data is dynamic or contains application data, you can install the file system agent on the non global zone. For servers with solaris 10 os at, or near, update 1 106 or update 2 606, if nonglobal zones are already configured and running, patching these servers at single user mode will encounter issues. Historically, there was an ultra10 workstation running solaris 8 using automount to access nfs volumes on a solaris 8 server. Creating zpools and zfs file system in solaris 10 and setting quota and reservation. Also, oracle solaris 11 added the ability to configure each labeled zone as an nfs server, allowing a zone to serve as a separate nfs domain. How to check the parent zone global zone name of non.
A branded zone may be either solaris 8 or solaris 9. Processes in the zone can access only files in the part of the hierarchy that is located under the zone root. This privilege allows a nonglobal zone process to set either the virtual zone time or the system time, depending on the value of the globaltime property for the. Created zfs,ext4,cifs, nfs filesystems on solaris 10 and redhat linux environment. Nfs mount on solaris 11 nonglobal zones in this post, we would learn how we mount one folder from one nonglobal zone to another zone on solaris 11 operating system. Jul 18, 2017 nfs mount on solaris 11 non global zones systems. The ultra 10 was retired and the sola the unix and linux forums. I was advised that the valid options to use on a solaris server to mount a remote rfs file system are. In the above command output you can see the nonglobal zone sunz01 is running, which we need to remove or delete from solaris server. I want to share the directory from non global zone to other linux server by using nfs. In addition, a nonglobal zone cannot be an nfs server, and dynamic reconfiguration dr.
The student will learn how to use the solaris editors ex and vi. If the file system in the non global zone is externally mounted via mechanisms like nfs, it is important that the mounted location has the required permission to be accessed from the global zone. Later, there was a gradual move such that solaris containers specifically referred to nonglobal zones, with or without additional resource management. Just checking in, since the last posts regarding this topic seem to be nearly 2 years old. Not completely following where youre going with your nfs troubleshooting. Each zone has its own section of the file system hierarchy, rooted at a directory known as the zone root. How to check the parent zone global zone name of non global. Unix troubleshooting simple way a complete solutions blog for unix users and administrators. In this article, we would learn how we mount folder from one non global zone to another zone on solaris 11 operating system using network file sharing. How to verify nonglobal solaris zone is installed the geek diary. The intention is to isolate the zone so it doesnt use too much of any resource intended for other more important zones.
Stap is installed in the global zone, therefore the database executable in the non global zone must be accessible from the global zone. I had a similar issue in trying to configure a nfs server on a nonglobal zone in this case a legacy solaris 8 and had to use lofs to allow the global zone to publish the nfs handle. Dec 15, 20 the solaris zone uses the branded zones framework described in the brands5 man page to run zones installed with the same software as is installed in the global zone. This section provides information about file system issues on a solaris system with zones installed. Patches may only be loaded on the global zone but not on. To achieve this, share the sap central file system on all the client machines using network file systems nfs. File systems and nonglobal zones system administration guide. Patching solaris 10 on servers with nonglobal zones. In this article, we would learn how we mount folder from one nonglobal zone to another zone on solaris 11 operating system using network file sharing. For information on these nfs versions, see features of the nfs service in oracle solaris administration. Mounting nfs file system inside solaris non global zone for sap to function inside solaris non global zones the sap central file system must be available inside the zone. How to delegate ntp service to nonglobal zone in solaris.
Faisal aziz platform specialist squarepoint capital. The global zone has its own management network and all nonglobal zones share their. Preinstallation checklist for the unix, linux, and macintosh. The method describes solaris 10 and solaris 11 ways of sharing nfs. The student learns how to navigate the solaris file systems and how to work with files, directories and permissions. You can not make non global zone as nfs server on solaris 10 and below. General sun, sunos and sparc related questions also go here. Troubleshooting common nfs issues in linux the geek diary. By default the privilege to change the date and time is not available inside a nonglobal zone and therefore the ntp service will fail to adjust. As you know, in linux server it is less difficult in comparision to solaris server. Zones hosted by a global zone are known as nonglobal zones but are sometimes just called zones. Solaris containers including solaris zones is an implementation of operating systemlevel.
Just running share should tell you what the server is trying to share out. Hi all, this seems like a really dumb question but, i cant figure out how to get the nfs server running on solaris 11. Solaris 10 zones and networking common considerations. The whats new in solaris 11 documents give a good overview of the new zones features in s11. Solution need help in routing table on solaris 10 non global zone article java performance on solaris managing cpus video importing a dynamodb table from an s3 export. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address. While setting zfs parameter sharenfs, he encounters an. The role of oracle solaris zones and linux containers in a. Sep 05, 2011 hi chris, it seems you have a confusion here. Solaris 11 virtualization using zones the urban penguin. However, i still cannot find any way to enable nfs server services on either the non global zone solaris 10 or on the global zone solaris 11.
Once the student is comfortable with basic solaris commands, theyll move onto advanced power tools as well as how to customize the posix shell. Nfs mounts from other sources works as expected in the zone. Oracle solaris zones, oracle solaris 10 zones, and resource management is for anyone responsible for administering one or more systems that run an oracle solaris release. The post discusses most commonly occurring nfs issues in linux and how to resolve them. Feb 29, 2012 after creating a solaris 10 brand non global zone on a solaris 11 box, i added an existing zpool into the non global zone by using the add dataset subcommand inside zonecfg z myzone1. The ultra 10 was retired and the solaris 8 server has been migrated to a legacy container solaris 8 branded, whole root, excl ip running under a solaris 10 global zone. Solaris opensolaris this forum is for the discussion of solaris, opensolaris, openindiana, and illumos. Lets take an example, we will mount one folder named exportbackup from sun01 local zone to another zone sun02 on projectexportdata location. The book covers the topics oracle solaris resource management, zones also. Based on requirements, nonglobal zones can also have their own network stack with separate network properties.
To setup an nfs suri storage uri, youll need to identify the nfs host, share and path where the file will be placed and the user and group allowed to access the file. But if i am logged into a non global zone there is no easy way to get information about the global zone. Solaris integrated nfs server can only run in the global zone as it requires access to kernel resources that arent permitted for a zone. Thus, a zone should not nfs mount a file system exported by the global zone. Solaris 10 x86 security technical implementation guide. File systems mounted within zones cannot be shared from the global zone. System administration and technical support of the unix platform consisting of 3000 linux red hat, solaris, aix, oracle linux servers. In 2010, after the sun acquisition by oracle, it was renamed oracle solaris solaris is known for its scalability, especially on sparc systems, and for originating many innovative features such as dtrace, zfs and time slider.
Unable to mount nfs share in solaris local zone unix. It assumes that the administrator on the source and target hosts are able to access a shared nfs server for temporary file storage. For the error showmount is giving you, i suspect that error implies that there is no nfs server running on the server youre running the command on. About backing up an oracle solaris system with zones installed.
Sharing directories with nfs in solaris 10 blogger. As a result there is only one datetime on the entire setup and this time is usually controlled by the global zone only. Its my understanding that it is not possible for a nonglobal zone to determine its global zone, however running this on the global zone creates a file. The nonglobal zones appear to applications like separate oracle solaris installations. A system with nonglobal zones will share one kernel for all zones the global zone as well as all configured nonglobal zone. How to configure ntp client in solaris 8,9,10 and nonglobal. The book covers the topics resource management, oracle solaris zones, and oracle solaris 10 zones solaris10 branded zones. Buy it is unable to reach the nfs server through ping. One of the main uses of update on attach is to allow quick, easy migration of solaris containers between differing systems.
Nfs clientservices are available in nonglobal zones kernel zones in. Nonglobal zones local zones share the resource with global zone. Oracle introduced many utilities and new features in solaris 11 local zones. Stap requires the ip address of the database server host to which it. What are the best practices of setting up a non global zone in solaris 10 so that resources like cpu, memory, disk, etc. How to verify nonglobal solaris zone is installed the. Jun 17, 20 solaris 11 zones have some many differences from solaris 10 zones. File systems and nonglobal zones system administration. With svcs the service status can be checked, so lets check the status of the nfs server.1013 473 577 813 761 89 618 1381 114 655 413 224 1214 1230 1166 136 668 1139 413 1068 906 465 1124 353 301 125 398 853 162